Although there are many theories about what causes Crohn’s disease, none of them have been proven. There is a benefit, though, in understanding the possible causes of Crohn’s disease and how they interact with one another. Doing so can help one better understand the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Crohn’s disease.Scientists believe that Crohn’s disease is caused by a combination of these factors:
Immune system problems
Lots of people have stomach cramps with diarrhea or constipation. It’s uncomfortable, but you usually get over it and forget about it.
But when you have these symptoms often, and they’re severe, there’s a chance you could have Crohn’s disease. You’ll need to see your doctor to find out for sure.As many as 700,000 Americans have the disease. Although there’s no cure, there are treatments to manage it.
You may have:
- Stomach pain
- Weight loss
- Bleeding from your rectum
- Sudden and frequent need to go to the bathroom
There isn’t any single test that can diagnose Crohn’s disease. This condition has many symptoms that are the same as those for other health problems.To make a diagnosis of Crohn’s disease, your doctor is likely to gather information from multiple sources. You’ll probably go through a combination of exams, lab tests, and imaging studies with these goals in mind:
- Rule out other health problems
- Make a clear diagnosis of Crohn’s disease
- Find out exactly which part of the digestive tract is affected
- Physical Exam and History
- Your doctor will begin by gathering information about your health and your family health history. She’ll do a physical exam and look for symptoms of Crohn’s that usually include: